文章摘要
周君玺,翟晓芳,孙浩然,唐靓,沈玉芳.控释氮肥配施对不同覆盖旱作农田CO2排放的影响[J].农业环境科学学报,2019,38(10):2429-2438.
控释氮肥配施对不同覆盖旱作农田CO2排放的影响
Effects of controlled-release urea on CO2 emission from dry farmland under different mulching patterns
投稿时间:2019-03-28  
DOI:10.11654/jaes.2019-0340
中文关键词: 地膜覆盖  秸秆覆盖  控释肥  CO2排放  旱作农田
英文关键词: plastic film-mulching  corn straw mulching  controlled-release fertilizer  CO2 emissions  dry farmland
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41671307,51279197);国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFD0201807);陕西省自然科学基础科学研究计划项目(2017JM3011)
作者单位E-mail
周君玺 西北农林科技大学资源环境学院, 陕西 杨凌 712100
西北农林科技大学黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室, 陕西 杨凌 712100 
 
翟晓芳 西北农林科技大学资源环境学院, 陕西 杨凌 712100
西北农林科技大学黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室, 陕西 杨凌 712100 
 
孙浩然 西北农林科技大学资源环境学院, 陕西 杨凌 712100  
唐靓 西北农林科技大学资源环境学院, 陕西 杨凌 712100
西北农林科技大学黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室, 陕西 杨凌 712100 
 
沈玉芳 西北农林科技大学黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室, 陕西 杨凌 712100 shenyufang@nwafu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      为探讨黄土高原旱作不同覆盖下控释氮肥配施对春玉米农田二氧化碳(CO2)排放的影响,2016—2018年在长武农业生态试验站进行了田间定位试验,采用静态暗箱-气相色谱法研究了地膜覆盖(FM)与秸秆覆盖(SM)条件下不施氮肥(N0)、100%普通尿素(N1)、树脂尿素和普通尿素比例1∶2(N2)三种施氮处理农田CO2排放的动态变化特征。结果表明:旱作春玉米农田土壤CO2排放通量的变化幅度在3.62~248.45 mg CO2-C·m-2·h-1,且呈先增加后降低的趋势。不同处理农田CO2排放通量与0 cm和10cm土壤温度均呈极显著正相关。与不施肥相比,施用氮肥均显著增加农田CO2排放通量和累积排放量。与施普通尿素相比,控释氮肥配施显著减少生长季和全年CO2累积排放量达7.3%~10.12%。施氮处理CO2排放通量与NO3--N和NH4+-N呈显著正相关。在相同施氮条件下,秸秆覆盖处理CO2累积排放量均高于地膜覆盖处理。上述结果说明,控释氮肥配施处理有利于减少旱作不同覆盖春玉米农田CO2排放。
英文摘要:
      In order to investigate the effects of controlled-release urea(CRU)on carbon dioxide(CO2)emission from spring maize farmland under different mulching patterns on the Loess Plateau, field experiments were conducted at Changwu Agricultural and Ecological Experimental Station from 2016 to 2018. The experimental treatments included no nitrogen fertilizer application(N0), application of 100% urea at a rate of 225 kg N·hm-(2 N1), and CRU combined with conventional urea application ratio of 1:2 and rate of 225 kg N·hm-2(N2) under plastic film mulching(FM)and straw mulching(SM). The results showed that CO2 emission in dry spring maize farmland increased first and then decreased, ranging from 3.62 to 248.45 mg CO2-C·m-2·h-1. There was a significant and positive correlation between CO2 emission rate and soil temperature for 0~10 cm soil depths under different treatments. Compared with N0, nitrogen fertilizer application significantly increased the CO2 emission rate and cumulative CO2 emission. The cumulative CO2 emission during the growing season of maize and the whole year for the treatment N2 was significantly lower, by 7.3%~10.12%, relative to N1. There was a significant positive correlation between CO2 emission rate and nitrate and ammonium concentrations. Under the same nitrogen application rate, cumulative CO2 emission under straw mulching was higher compared to that under plastic film mulching. These results indicate that CRU and conventional urea application ratio of 1:2 is beneficial for reducing CO2 emission from spring maize fields under different mulching patterns in dry farmland.
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