文章摘要
秸秆还田下的主要产地环境问题及其绿色防控技术
Main problems of agricultural producing areas after straw return and the respective green control technologies
投稿时间:2019-03-14  修订日期:2019-04-10
DOI:
中文关键词: 秸秆还田  产地环境  病虫害  杂草  土壤微生物
英文关键词: straw returning  agricultural producing area  soil disease and insect  weeds  soil microorganism
基金项目:国家自然科学基金青年(41807034);浙江省重点研发计划项目(2018C02036);浙江省自然科学基金青年(LQ18030001);国家小麦产业技术体系项目(CARS-3);Project supported:National Natural Science Foundation Youth Fund Project (2018YFD0200500), The key Research and Development Program of Zhejiang Province(2018C02036), Zhejiang Natural Science Foundation Youth Fund Project (LQ18030001), The National Modern AgriculturalTechnology System of Wheat (CARS-3)
作者单位E-mail
苏瑶 浙江省农业科学院环境资源与土壤肥料研究所 stellasu@sina.com 
杨艳华 浙江省农业科学院环境资源与土壤肥料研究所  
贾生强 浙江省农业科学院环境资源与土壤肥料研究所  
喻曼 浙江省农业科学院环境资源与土壤肥料研究所  
陈喜靖 浙江省农业科学院环境资源与土壤肥料研究所  
沈阿林 浙江省农业科学院环境资源与土壤肥料研究所 shenalin_123@126.com 
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中文摘要:
      秸秆还田作为当前最主要的秸秆资源化利用方式,可有效实现土壤增碳培肥,但同样存在一系列产地环境问题。基于近年相关研究,本文总结了秸秆还田对土壤病虫草害发生和土壤微生物区系的影响,归纳了当前应用较广泛的病虫草害绿色防控技术,并对未来可进一步研究与应用的秸秆集中沟埋还田技术及以“虫害理化诱控-病虫生物防治-杂草生态防控” 为核心的病虫草害绿色防控技术集成等进行了展望,以期为进一步推进高效秸秆还田条件下的可持续生产提供理论依据和技术参考。
英文摘要:
      As one of the most widely applied ways for straw resource utilization, returning straw can increase soil carbon and promote soil nutrition effectively, but it also causes series of problems in agricultural producing areas. Based on recent studies, this paper summarized the effect of straw returning on the occurrence of soil diseases, insect pests and weeds and on the changes of soil microflora, and concluded the respective green control technologies widely applied in the field. Additionally, this paper outlooks future research regarding the potential straw ditch buried technology and the integration of green control technologies focusing on " physical and chemical control of insect pests-biological control of disease and insect-ecological prevention and control of weeds". So as to provide theoretical basis and technical support for further promoting sustainable production with high efficiency straw returning.
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