文章摘要
王伟.环境生物安全的法治化应对[J].农业环境科学学报,2022,41(12):2642-2647.
环境生物安全的法治化应对
Legal response to environmental biosafety
投稿时间:2022-11-07  修订日期:2022-12-09
DOI:10.11654/jaes.2022-1122
中文关键词: 生物安全  生态环境  法治化  法律编撰
英文关键词: biosafety  eco-environment  legal  compilation of laws
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2020YFC0832804);农业农村部财政项目(13220122)
作者单位
王伟 农业农村部环境保护科研监测所, 天津 300191 
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中文摘要:
      生物安全事件是诱发生态环境问题的重要隐患,加强生态生物安全管理,提升法治化水平,是应对环境生物安全的关键。我国环境生物安全法治化建设起步较早,外来入侵物种等领域法治化建设虽取得一定成效,但法治化水平仍有较大提升空间,需要加强技术研发与标准化建设,提高技术应对能力,并将成熟的技术措施和政策上升为法律制度。应系统梳理分散在各部门法中的相关法律规定,修改完善,编撰生物安全法典,将环境生物安全法治化推向更高水平。
英文摘要:
      Biosafety incidents are an important hidden peril that induce eco-environmental problems. Strengthening biosafety management and improving the rule of law are essential to promote environmental biosafety. The research shows that the consideration of environmental biosafety in legal construction in China started early. The legalization of biosafety fields has achieved some results, such as in terms of alien invasive species; however, there remains much space to improve the law. Strengthening technology research and standardization, improving technical response capability, and turning mature technologies and policies into legal systems are necessary. Relevant laws and regulations that are scattered among the laws of different departments should be systematically reviewed, revised, and compiled into a biosafety code to legalize environmental biosafety to a higher level.
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