文章摘要
杨涛,王玉清,吴火亮,俞莹,陈静蕊,陈晓芬,秦文婧,刘佳,徐昌旭.鄱阳湖平原双季稻区稻田氮磷流失的季节分布特征及污染风险分析[J].农业环境科学学报,2023,42(4):852-860.
鄱阳湖平原双季稻区稻田氮磷流失的季节分布特征及污染风险分析
Analysis of seasonal distribution characteristics and pollution risk of nitrogen and phosphorus losses in double-cropping rice fields in the Poyang Lake Plain
投稿时间:2022-08-22  
DOI:10.11654/jaes.2022-0841
中文关键词: 鄱阳湖平原  双季稻  氮磷流失  季节分布  污染风险
英文关键词: Poyang Lake Plain  double-cropping rice  nitrogen and phosphorus loss  seasonal distribution  pollution risk
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2021YFD1700203);江西省现代农业科研协同创新专项(JXXTCXQN 202209, JXXTCXQN202008);国家现代农业产业技术体系建设专项(绿肥,CARS-22-Z-06)
作者单位E-mail
杨涛 江西省农业科学院土壤肥料与资源环境研究所, 国家红壤改良工程技术研究中心, 南昌 330200  
王玉清 南昌县农业农村局, 南昌 330200  
吴火亮 江西省农业生态与资源保护站, 南昌 330046  
俞莹 江西省农业生态与资源保护站, 南昌 330046  
陈静蕊 江西省农业科学院土壤肥料与资源环境研究所, 国家红壤改良工程技术研究中心, 南昌 330200 chenjr5526@163.com 
陈晓芬 江西省农业科学院土壤肥料与资源环境研究所, 国家红壤改良工程技术研究中心, 南昌 330200  
秦文婧 江西省农业科学院土壤肥料与资源环境研究所, 国家红壤改良工程技术研究中心, 南昌 330200  
刘佳 江西省农业科学院土壤肥料与资源环境研究所, 国家红壤改良工程技术研究中心, 南昌 330200 liujia422@126.com 
徐昌旭 江西省农业科学院土壤肥料与资源环境研究所, 国家红壤改良工程技术研究中心, 南昌 330200  
摘要点击次数: 1211
全文下载次数: 1081
中文摘要:
      为明确鄱阳湖平原双季稻区稻田氮磷流失的季节性分布及污染风险,于2015—2019年对位于江西省南昌市南昌县向塘镇国控监测点的“冬闲-双季稻”种植模式进行了原位监测。结果表明:监测期早稻季径流量占全年总量的比例最高,为39.11%~61.50%,其次是冬闲季,占23.31%~54.30%,而晚稻季的径流量最小;氮磷养分流失量与径流量的季节分配规律相似,也大体表现为早稻季>冬闲季>晚稻季。然而,监测期多数年份(除2016年外)防控关键期(施肥后10 d)的径流量及氮磷流失量占全年总量的比例均低于13%,表明双季稻田防控关键期的污染风险可能被夸大。但极端降水条件下,径流量、氮流失量和磷流失量在全年的占比分别为27.34%~52.19%、14.21%~54.06%和25.38%~45.95%,远高于防控关键期,表明极端降水可能导致较大的双季稻田面源污染风险。因此,对于鄱阳湖平原双季稻区,早稻季和冬闲季均是稻田氮磷流失防控的重要时期。由于降水事件具有偶然性,仅靠降低“防控关键期”的氮磷流失来防控面源污染具有较大风险,极端降水条件下的氮磷流失防控可能是未来消减双季稻区面源污染的重点研究方向。
英文摘要:
      To better understand the seasonal distribution and pollution risk of nitrogen and phosphorus losses in double-cropping rice fields in the Poyang Lake Plain, in-situ monitoring was carried out on the "winter fallow double-cropping rice" planting pattern at the state-controlled monitoring site of Xiangtang Town, Nanchang County, Jiangxi Province, China during 2015—2019. According to the results, the runoff volume in the early rice season showed the highest proportion(39.11% – 61.50%)of the annual total during the monitoring period, followed by the winter fallow season(23.31%–54.30%)and the late rice season. The seasonal distribution of nitrogen and phosphorus losses was similar to that of the runoff volume, with a higher proportion in the early rice season than in the winter fallow season. In most monitoring years(except 2016), however, both the runoff volume and nitrogen and phosphorus losses accounted for less than 13% of the annual total in the critical period of prevention and control(10 days after fertilization), revealing a possibly exaggerated pollution risk in the critical period of prevention and control in double-cropping rice fields. In contrast, under extreme precipitation conditions, the proportions of runoff volume, nitrogen loss, and phosphorus loss were as high as 27.34%–52.19%, 14.21%–54.06%, and 25.38%–45.95% of the annual total, respectively, much higher than those in the critical period of prevention and control. This indicates that extreme precipitation may bring a higher risk of non-point source pollution in double-cropping rice fields. Hence, both the early rice season and the winter fallow season are important periods for the prevention and control of nitrogen and phosphorus losses in the doublecropping rice fields in the Poyang Lake Plain. Given the unpredictability of precipitation events, it may lead to risks when the prevention and control of non-point source pollution is achieved only by reducing the nitrogen and phosphorus losses in "the critical period of prevention and control". Thus, the prevention and control of nitrogen and phosphorus losses in extreme precipitation conditions is a potential key research direction for relieving non-point source pollution in double-cropping rice fields.
HTML    查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器