文章摘要
孙希超,熊明民,王伟.《生态环境损害鉴定评估技术指南生态系统 第1部分:农田生态系统》解读[J].农业环境科学学报,2024,43(6):1199-1204.
《生态环境损害鉴定评估技术指南生态系统 第1部分:农田生态系统》解读
Interpretation of “Technical guidelines for identification and assessment of environmental damage—Ecosystem—Part 1:Farmland ecosystem”
投稿时间:2024-05-09  
DOI:10.11654/jaes.2024-0395
中文关键词: 生态环境损害  鉴定评估  农田生态系统  标准解读
英文关键词: environmental damage  identification and assessment  farmland ecosystem  standard interpretation
基金项目:中国农业科学院创新工程项目
作者单位E-mail
孙希超 农业农村部环境保护科研监测所, 天津 300191  
熊明民 农业农村部环境保护科研监测所, 天津 300191  
王伟 农业农村部环境保护科研监测所, 天津 300191 wangweirenzhe@126.com 
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中文摘要:
      农田是农业生产的根基,良好的农田生态系统是保障粮食安全的关键。《生态环境损害鉴定评估技术指南生态系统第1部分:农田生态系统》(GB/T 43871.1—2024)旨在为我国农田生态系统损害鉴定评估提供统一尺度和技术依据,为环境损害赔偿制度改革和国家粮食安全提供技术支撑。该标准自2024年7月1日起实施,为了更好地全面正确理解和把握标准内涵,本文系统阐述了标准编制的背景,回顾国内外研究进展,就损害调查、因果关系分析、损失评估、恢复方案编制和恢复效果评估等主要内容及其技术要点进行了解读。
英文摘要:
      The cultivation of farmland is fundamental to agricultural production, and the maintenance of a healthy farmland ecosystem plays a pivotal role in ensuring food security.The“Technical guidelines for identification and assessment of environmental damage—Ecosystem—Part 1:Farmland ecosystem”(GB / T 43871.1—2024)aims to provide a unified scale and technical basis for the identification and assessment of farmland ecosystem damage in China, and to provide technical support for the reform of the environmental damage compensation system and national food security. This standard will be implemented from July 1, 2024. In order to better understand and grasp the connotation of the standard comprehensively and correctly, this article systematically elaborates on the background of standard preparation, reviews research progress at home and abroad, and interprets the main content and technical points of damage investigation, causal relationship analysis, loss assessment, recovery plan preparation, and recovery effect evaluation.
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