文章摘要
李彦沛,黄俊翔,岳泓宇,刘春岩,江长胜,郑循华.降水和冻融循环对大兴安岭沼泽湿地温室气体交换的影响[J].农业环境科学学报,2019,38(10):2420-2428.
降水和冻融循环对大兴安岭沼泽湿地温室气体交换的影响
Effects of precipitation and soil freeze-thaw cycles on greenhouse gas exchanges in a permafrost swamp of the Great Hing'an Mountains, China
投稿时间:2019-04-24  
DOI:10.11654/jaes.2019-0455
中文关键词: 多年冻土  沼泽湿地  降水  氧化亚氮  温室气体净收支
英文关键词: permafrost  swamp  precipitation  nitrous oxide  net greenhouse gas budget
基金项目:国家自然科学基金国际(地区)合作与交流项目(41861134029)
作者单位E-mail
李彦沛 西南大学资源环境学院, 重庆 400716
中国科学院大气物理研究所大气边界层物理和大气化学国家重点实验室, 北京 100029 
 
黄俊翔 中国科学院大气物理研究所大气边界层物理和大气化学国家重点实验室, 北京 100029
成都信息工程大学大气科学学院, 成都 610225 
 
岳泓宇 中国科学院大气物理研究所大气边界层物理和大气化学国家重点实验室, 北京 100029
中国科学院大学地球与行星科学学院, 北京 100049 
 
刘春岩 中国科学院大气物理研究所大气边界层物理和大气化学国家重点实验室, 北京 100029 lcy@post.iap.ac.cn 
江长胜 西南大学资源环境学院, 重庆 400716  
郑循华 中国科学院大气物理研究所大气边界层物理和大气化学国家重点实验室, 北京 100029
中国科学院大学地球与行星科学学院, 北京 100049 
 
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中文摘要:
      以大兴安岭北坡沼泽湿地为研究对象,通过采集原状土柱、实验室内模拟降水年际变化(R80和R130: 80 mm和130 mm降水处理)和春季土壤冻融循环过程(培养温度:-15~5、-10~10℃和-5~15℃),评估降水和冻融对该沼泽湿地冻融期二氧化碳(CO2)、甲烷(CH4)和氧化亚氮(N2O)交换及温室气体净收支的影响。结果表明,相对于R80处理,R130处理减少CO2排放(P<0.05)、促进N2O(P<0.05)和CH4排放,冻融期生态系统总呼吸主导温室气体净收支,148 d培养期R80和R130处理温室气体净收支分别为2 955.8±258.9 kg CO2-eq·hm-2和1 951.1±317.3 kg CO2-eq·hm-2,因此,丰沛降雨有利于减少冻融期该沼泽湿地对气候变化的正反馈效应。R80处理代表的常规降水条件下,冻融期CH4和N2O交换对该沼泽湿地温室气体净收支的贡献可忽略不计; R130处理代表的丰沛降水条件下,土壤冻融会激发N2O排放,使该沼泽湿地在冻融期表现为强N2O排放特征。未来对沼泽湿地土壤冻融和综合温室效应评估应特别关注降水量年际变异的影响。
英文摘要:
      Permafrost in China is mainly distributed in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau and Northeast China. Swamps are one of the most typical ecosystems in permafrost regions of the Great Hing'an Mountains. Soil freeze-thaw as a common natural phenomenon may greatly influence greenhouse gas exchanges in the permafrost swamps. In this study, we took intact soil cores from a typical swamp in the Great Hing'an Mountains and evaluated the effects of precipitation and soil freeze-thaw cycles on greenhouse gas fluxes and net greenhouse gas budgets(NGHGBs)through simulation experiments in laboratory. The treatment with 130 mm rainfall(hereafter referred to as R130)decreased carbon dioxide(CO2)emissions(P<0.05), and increased nitrous oxide(N2O, P<0.05)and methane(CH4)emissions compared with the treatment with 80 mm rainfall(hereafter referred to as R80). The ecosystem respiration dominated NGHGBs and hence, the swamp had positive radiation forcing effects during the freeze-thaw period. The NGHGBs during the incubation period of 148 d were 2 955.8±258.9 kg CO2-eq·hm-2 and 1 951.1±317.3 kg CO2-eq·hm-2 in the R80 and R130 treatments, respectively, which indicated that abundant precipitation was beneficial to mitigate the positive feedback of greenhouse gas emissions during the freeze-thaw period on climate change. The contributions of CH4 and N2O exchanges on the NGHGBs during the freeze-thaw period were negligible in the R80 treatment. However, soil freeze-thaw stimulated N2O emissions from the permafrost swamp in the R130 treatment. The studies on freeze-thaw-induced N2O emissions and NGHGBs in permafrost swamps should consider the effects of inter-annual variations of precipitation on greenhouse gas exchanges.
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