文章摘要
李灿,李振峰,马刘正,张伟,李晓冬,VIJAYA Raghavan,胡建东.扰动扩散流动分析法测定土壤氮、磷技术研究[J].农业环境科学学报,2022,41(8):1846-1854.
扰动扩散流动分析法测定土壤氮、磷技术研究
Technical study of soil nitrogen and phosphorus measurement using perturbation diffusion flow analysis
投稿时间:2021-12-19  
DOI:10.11654/jaes.2021-1462
中文关键词: 土壤速效氮  土壤速效磷  扰动扩散  化学反应腔  吸光光谱  可调光程
英文关键词: available nitrogen in soil  available phosphorus in soil  perturbation diffusion flow analysis  chemical reaction chamber  absorption spectrum  flexible optical length
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFD0801204);国家自然科学基金项目(3201890);河南省外籍科学家工作室项目(GZS2021007)
作者单位E-mail
李灿 河南省农业激光技术国际联合实验室, 河南农业大学机电工程学院, 郑州 450002  
李振峰 河南问道光电科技有限公司, 郑州 450002  
马刘正 河南省农业激光技术国际联合实验室, 河南农业大学机电工程学院, 郑州 450002  
张伟 河南省农业激光技术国际联合实验室, 河南农业大学机电工程学院, 郑州 450002  
李晓冬 河南省农业激光技术国际联合实验室, 河南农业大学机电工程学院, 郑州 450002  
VIJAYA Raghavan McGill大学生物资源工程系, 加拿大 蒙特利尔 H9X3V9  
胡建东 河南省农业激光技术国际联合实验室, 河南农业大学机电工程学院, 郑州 450002
小麦玉米作物学国家重点实验室, 郑州 450002 
jdhu@henau.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      随着国家对农业面源氮、磷污染防治力度的加大,土壤氮、磷测定技术迫切需要改善。本研究在对常规的扩散对流(Dispersion convection)和强迫对流(Forced convection)流动分析方法基础上,提出了扰动扩散(Perturbation diffusion)流动分析方法,以实现土壤氮、磷全自动化快速测定与分析。扰动扩散流动分析方法是将样品和试剂定量化后集中在化学反应腔中进行反应,然后程序控制蠕动泵对化学反应腔中反应物进行反复扰动,待化学反应完全稳定后流入光电探测单元完成土壤氮、磷含量测定。采用取自湖北潜江的土壤样品对扰动扩散流动分析方法进行了系统验证,实验结果表明,本研究提出的方法与常规紫外可见分光光度法对氮、磷测定相比,基于硫酸钠和碳酸氢钠联合浸提的土壤铵态氮测量值相关系数为0.915 5,基于氯化钙浸提的土壤铵态氮、硝态氮和水溶性磷测量值相关系数分别为0.998 5、0.990 1和0.991 1。铵态氮、硝态氮和水溶性磷的检出限分别为0.055 4、0.020 3 mg·L-1和0.008 4 mg·L-1,相对标准偏差(RSD,n=7)分别为1.8%、4.8%和1.0%。
英文摘要:
      Currently, efforts to prevent and control agricultural non-point source(NPS)pollution have been intensively increased in China. Measurement technology of agricultural NPS pollution are urgent required. In this study, a perturbation diffusion flow analysis method was proposed to measure nitrogen and phosphorus automatically, after investigating both conventional dispersion convection and forced convection flow analysis methods. In this novel perturbation diffusion flow analysis, the sample solution and reagents were quantified using a microsyringe pump and then passed into a chemical reaction chamber for mixing. A program-controlled peristaltic pump repeatedly perturbs the reactant in the chemical reaction chamber. After the chemical reaction was completely stabilized, the reactant was injected into the photoelectric detection unit to determine the concentrations of nitrogen and phosphorus. Soil samples collected from Qianjiang, Hubei Province, were used to validate the performance of this novel perturbation diffusion flow analysis method. The experimental results showed that the correlation coefficient of soil ammonium nitrogen measurements with a combined extractant of sodium sulfate and sodium bicarbonate was 0.915 5, compared with the conventional UV-Vis spectrophotometry in the laboratory. The correlation coefficients of soil ammonium nitrogen, nitrate nitrogen, and water-soluble phosphorus measurements using the extractant of calcium chloride were 0.998 5, 0.990 1, and 0.9911 with a limit of detection of 0.055 4, 0.020 3 mg·L-1, and 0.008 4 mg·L-1 and relative standard deviation of 1.8%, 4.8%, and 1.0%, respectively.
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