文章摘要
王灿,张媛,宋璐.畜禽养殖场气载抗性基因污染特征与技术挑战[J].农业环境科学学报,2023,42(6):1187-1194.
畜禽养殖场气载抗性基因污染特征与技术挑战
Pollution characteristics and technology threats of airborne antibiotic resistance genes in livestock farmlands
投稿时间:2022-10-08  修订日期:2023-02-08
DOI:10.11654/jaes.2022-0991
中文关键词: 畜禽养殖场  气载抗生素抗性基因  影响因素  风险机制
英文关键词: livestock farm  airborne ARGs  influencing factor  risk mechanism
基金项目:天津市科技计划重点项目(21JCZDJC00580)
作者单位E-mail
王灿 天津大学环境科学与工程学院, 天津 300350
天津市室内环境空气质量控制重点实验室, 天津 300072 
 
张媛 天津大学环境科学与工程学院, 天津 300350
天津市室内环境空气质量控制重点实验室, 天津 300072 
 
宋璐 天津大学环境科学与工程学院, 天津 300350
天津市室内环境空气质量控制重点实验室, 天津 300072 
happylulur@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      抗生素在畜禽养殖行业的广泛使用导致大量耐药菌的出现,进而加速了抗生素抗性基因(ARGs)在养殖场环境中的传播扩散。气溶胶作为ARGs的储存库,由于具有较高的潜在风险而成为环境健康中的热点问题。国内外专家针对畜禽养殖场中气载ARGs的分布特征与传播转移机制展开了一系列研究。本文综述了近年畜禽养殖场气载ARGs的研究进展,分析了国内外典型养殖场空气中ARGs的归趋特性,阐明了气载ARGs的传播转移机制,并探讨了这一环境污染对人体健康的潜在风险,以期为今后畜禽养殖工作及ARGs的健康风险管控提供参考。
英文摘要:
      The extensive utilization of antibiotics in livestock farms has resulted in the emergence of numerous antibiotic resistant bacteria, which has invariably accelerated the spread of antibiotic resistance genes(ARGs)in farms. As a repository of ARGs, aerosol has become a critical concern for environmental health owing to its high potential risks. Experts and scholars at home and abroad have conducted series of studies on the distribution characteristics, transmission, and transfer mechanisms of ARGs in the air, and the interaction between ARGs and microorganisms in livestock farms. This paper contains the following: a review on the recent progress in the study of airborne ARGs in livestock farms, an analysis of the fate of ARGs in the air in typical farmlands at home and abroad, as well as the transmission mechanisms, and lastly a discussion on the potential risks, as reference for future risk management and ARGs control in livestock farms.
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