文章摘要
周启星,王辉,欧阳少虎.海-陆交互作用与海岸带碳中和农业驱动[J].农业环境科学学报,2024,43(1):1-10.
海-陆交互作用与海岸带碳中和农业驱动
Sea-land interactions and the drive for carbon-neutral agriculture in the coastal zone
投稿时间:2023-12-21  
DOI:10.11654/jaes.2023-1092
中文关键词: 碳中和农业  海岸带  海陆交互作用  可持续发展  人工光合作用
英文关键词: carbon-neutral agriculture  coastal zone  sea-land interaction  sustainable development  artificial photosynthesis
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2023YFC3709001)
作者单位
周启星 南开大学环境科学与工程学院/南开大学碳中和交叉科学中心, 环境污染过程与基准教育部重点实验室, 天津 300350 
王辉 南开大学环境科学与工程学院/南开大学碳中和交叉科学中心, 环境污染过程与基准教育部重点实验室, 天津 300350 
欧阳少虎 南开大学环境科学与工程学院/南开大学碳中和交叉科学中心, 环境污染过程与基准教育部重点实验室, 天津 300350 
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中文摘要:
      海岸带既是生态脆弱区也是低碳农业发展“前哨”。推动和发展碳中和农业符合时代所需,也符合绿色、可持续发展理念。基于此,本文阐述了在海岸带区域发展碳中和农业的相关问题和重要性。首先,本文阐释了海陆交互作用以及海岸带碳中和农业发展理念;然后,分析了海岸带碳中和农业驱动中的碳中和农业生物、人工光合作用与农业驱动以及该理念的工程化应用问题;最后,深入剖析了如何识别海岸带农业核心碳汇,包括原位监测、同位素标记与统计学分析方法,并在此基础上提出了农业碳汇增强技术,为后续海岸带碳中和农业的构建、发展和实践提供参考,同时对促进脆弱的海岸带生态系统的保护和绿色低碳农业的发展具有重要意义。
英文摘要:
      Coastal zones are both ecologically fragile and "outposts" for low-carbon agricultural development. The promotion and development of carbon-neutral agriculture is in line with the needs of the times and the concept of green and sustainable development. Based on this, this paper describes the issues related to the development of carbon-neutral agriculture in coastal zones. Firstly, this paper explains the mechanism of sea-land interaction and the concept of carbon-neutral agriculture development in coastal zones. Then, it analyzes the carbon-neutral agricultural organisms, artificial photosynthesis, and agricultural promotion in the carbon-neutral agricultural driving in coastal zones as well as the engineering application of the concept. Finally, the paper provides insights into how to identify core carbon sinks in coastal zone agriculture, including in situ monitoring, isotope labeling, and statistical analysis methods. On this basis, the technology of agricultural carbon sink enhancement is proposed to provide a reference for the subsequent development and promotion of carbon-neutral agriculture in the coastal zone and its practical application. It can also promote the protection of fragile coastal zone ecosystems and the development of green and low-carbon agriculture.
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